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雅思寫作    IELTS Pro forma
雅思寫作使用的“自然”搭配和短語
發布日期 :2018.08.16    瀏覽次數:2616 次

為什么學習搭配嗎

你的語言會更自然、更容易理解。你會選擇和豐富的方式表達自己。這是我們的大腦記憶和使用語言的塊或塊而不是單個的詞更容易

如何學習搭配

要知道搭配,并嘗試識別他們當你看到或聽到他們的聲音。
治療搭配單塊語言。把他們作為單獨的塊或塊,和學習的強烈支持,不支持強+。
當你學會一個新單詞,寫下的字,搭配它(記得,記得清楚,依稀記得,記得很清楚)。
盡可能多讀書。閱讀是在語境中學習詞匯和搭配和自然的一種好方法。
修改你的學習規律。練習使用新的搭配背景后盡快學習他們。
小組學習適合你的搭配。你可以學習他們的話題(時間、數量、天氣、金錢、家庭)或由一個特定的詞(采取行動,抓住機會,參加考試)。
你可以在任何一個好的學習者的詞典查找信息的搭配。你也可以找到搭配詞典。

類型配置
這是由動詞、名詞的組合搭配幾種不同的類型,形容詞等一些最常見的類型是:


副詞+形容詞: completely satisfied (NOT downright satisfied)
形容詞+名詞:excruciating pain (NOT excruciating joy)
名詞+名詞:一股怒火( a surge of anger (NOT a rush of anger))
名詞+動詞: lions roar (NOT lions shout)
動詞+名詞: lions roar (NOT lions shout)
動詞與介詞表達:burst into tears (NOT blow up in tears)
動詞+副詞:wave frantically (NOT wave feverishly)

有幾種不同類型的搭配。搭配可以形容詞+副詞,名詞+名詞,動詞+名詞等。下面你可以看到例句搭配七種主要類型。
1. adverb + adjective


Invading that country was an utterly stupid thing to do.
We entered a richly decorated room.
Are you fully aware of the implications of your action?
2. adjective + noun


The doctor ordered him to take regular exercise.
The Titanic sank on its maiden voyage.
He was writhing on the ground in excruciating pain.
3. noun + noun


Let’s give Mr Jones a round of applause.
The ceasefire agreement came into effect at 11am.
I’d like to buy two bars of soap please.
4. noun + verb


The lion started to roar when it heard the dog barking.
Snow was falling as our plane took off.
The bomb went off when he started the car engine.
5. verb + noun


The prisoner was hanged for committing murder.
I always try to do my homework in the morning, after making my bed.
He has been asked to give a presentation about his work.
6. verb + expression with preposition


We had to return home because we had run out of money.
At first her eyes filled with horror, and then she burst into tears.
Their behaviour was enough to drive anybody to crime.
7. verb + adverb


She placed her keys gently on the table and sat down.
Mary whispered softly in John’s ear.
I vaguely remember that it was growing dark when we left.

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